Getting The Most From Your PAH Therapy

PAH medications

We would like to introduce a new series on  This series will include periodic articles focusing on a specific therapy and how to benefit maximally and minimize side effects. Letairis (Ambrisentan) Efficacy in Pulmonary Hypertension This medicine was first approved in 2007 based on 2 studies that both showed improvement in exercise capacity and … [Read more...]

Update on Clinical Trials for PAH

PAH research

The past decade has been a very exciting time to treat patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH).  New treatments have been approved that have dramatically improved outcomes for PAH patients. Compared to 20 years ago when we had a single medication to treat PAH we now have 13 treatments.  Once a disease treated in a small number of university centers, PAH is now … [Read more...]

Beating Heartburn with Pulmonary Hypertension

GERD with Pulmonary Hypertension

Heartburn or gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a very common symptom for patients with pulmonary hypertension.  Patients may experience chest tightness, burning, pressure or even cough and hoarseness.  Often symptoms are worse after eating certain foods or lying down at night. What Causes Heartburn in Pulmonary Hypertension Patients? A quick review of the anatomy of … [Read more...]

Echocardiography and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Detailed Look

Internal anatomy of the pulmonary arteries

An echocardiogram (or echo) is an ultrasound-based test that can tell us a great deal about your heart.  By bouncing and receiving ultrasound waves off your heart and adjacent structures, we can generate images of your heart.  We can learn about the size and function of the right and left side of your heart and the valves. We can estimate pressures but not directly measure … [Read more...]

Exercise and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Caregiver excercise

A common question that I am asked by patients is how much activity can they safely perform.  What type of exercise is safe?  Should patients exercise?  In the past, patients with heart and lung disease were advised to avoid exercise.  We now know much better!  Not only does exercise improve your stamina, it also improves you muscle strength and sense of well-being.  During … [Read more...]